Transcript

lang-zh-Latn
Hi, I'm Fame Ketover of Lenguin.com and this is Mandarin Chinese. So in the last lesson we learned about nationalities. This is a plus lesson meaning, you'll put to use what you learned, as well as learn the Chinese characters.
Alright, let's do this.
Listen to this conversation.
  • 你是美国人吗?
  • 我是美国人.
Repeat the word for "country".
Try repeating the word for "America" (as in United States of America).
  • 美国
  • 美国
  • 美国
Now try repeating the word for "person".
Now try repeating "an American" (or "America person"), "Měiguo" plus "rén". Notice that "guó"
does not have its full tone here.
  • 美国人
  • 美国人
  • 美国人
Try saying "an American" and repeat after the speaker.
  • 美国人
Repeat the answer "I'm an American" in the exchange.
  • 你是美国人吗?
  • 我是美国人.
Now answer "I'm an American" ahead of the second speaker.
  • 你是美国人吗?
  • 我是美国人.
Imagine the following phone conversation between two unacquainted speakers.
  • 你是中国人吗?
  • 我不是中国人。
Try repeating the word for "China".
  • 中国
  • 中国
  • 中国
Now repeat "a Chinese person" or a "China person".
  • 中国人
  • 中国人
  • 中国人
Try repeating the answer "I am not Chinese" in the exchange.
  • 你是中国人吗?
  • 我不是中国人。
Now try answering "I am not Chinese" ahead of Mr. King.
  • 你是中国人吗?
  • 我不是中国人。
Now listen to this live exchange which establishes the nationality of Miss Hu and Mr. Ma.
  • 胡小姐你是美国人吗?
  • 我不是美国人。
  • 你是中国人吗?
  • 我是中国人。
  • 马先生是美国人吗?
  • 他不是美国人。是中国人。
So apparently, both Miss Hu and Mr. Ma are Chinese. Remember that Mr. King is an American. Now take the part of Mr. King and answer Miss Hu's questions ahead of him,
using the negative when a appropriate.
  • 你是美国人吗?
  • 我是美国人。
  • 他是中国人吗?
  • 他是中国人。
  • 你是中国人吗?
  • 我不是中国人。
  • 我是美国人吗?
  • 你不是美国人。
  • 他是美国人吗?
  • 他不是美国人。
  • 我是中国人吗?
  • 你是中国人。
  • In the following live exchange, notice the use of the short answer "shì" and "bú shi",
    which we translate "yes" and "no" before the full answers.
    • 马先生是美国人吗?
    • 不是,他不是美国人。
    • 他是中国人吗?
    • 是,他是中国人。
    Now try to answer Miss Hu's questions ahead of Mr. King, starting your answers with "shì" or "bú shi".
    • 马先生是中国人吗?
    • 是他是中国人。
  • 你是美国人吗?
  • 是我是美国人。
  • 我是美国人吗?
  • 不是你不是美国人。
  • 你是中国人吗?
  • 不是我不是中国人。
  • 马先生是美国人吗?
  • 不是他不是美国人。
  • 我是中国人吗?
  • 是你是中国人。
  • You've listened to and replied to a bunch of yes/no questions with "ma". So now, let's see if you can ask them.
    Try asking, "Are you an American?"
    • 你是美国人吗?
    Try, "Is he a Chinese?"
    • 他是中国人吗?
    Try, "Are you Miss Hu?"
    • 你是胡小姐吗?
    How about, "Is she Mrs. Ma?"
    • 她是马太太吗?
    So basically the formula is: take a statement like: "Tā shi Zhōngguo rén." and add "ma". "Tā shi Zhōngguo rén ma?." and you make the question.
    Alright, that's the end of this lesson. Remember to head over to Lenguin.com to do the exercises. That's Lenguin as in Lenguin the Penguin. Thanks for watching! I want to thank all of our supporters who have helped make these courses possible. We want to keep these courses free, and with your help we can do that. So be sure to head over to our Patreon page, where in exchange for as little as a dollar, you'll get BONUS stuff. Until next time, stay cool.
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