Hi, I'm Fame Ketover of Lenguin.com, and this is Mandarin Chinese. This is the second part of asking and answering yes/no questions. In the last lesson, you learned about yes/no questions with "ma".
Here's a live example. Here it is with the English following. Try translating it.
- Is she Mrs. Wang?
- She is Mrs. Wang.
Notice that the question here is exactly same as the answer except for the yes/no question marker "ma" at the end.
Try repeating the question.
- Is she Mrs. Wang?
Here's another example of a yes/no question.
What would this mean? It would mean, "Your surname is Hu." Now let's add: What does this mean?
It means "Is your surname Hu?" Adding: turns a statement into a yes/no question.
Try repeating, is your surname Hu?
You know how to give the affirmative answers to yes/no questions. You answer them the same way you would answer "who" and "what" questions. Now let's look at negative answers.
You'll remember that the negative of the verb: is:
in this exchange live.
Here it is with the English.
- Are you Ma Mingli?
- I am not Ma Mingli.
Try repeating: 不是 the negative of: 是. Notice the rising tone on: 是.
Try repeating the answer "I am not Mingli" in the exchange.
Now try answering "I am not Ma Mingli" ahead of Mr. King and repeat after him.
You'll remember that the negative of: 姓 ("to be surnamed") works the same way.
Listen to this live exchange.
Try repeating: the negative of:
Again notice the rising tone on:
Try repeating the answer, "My surname is not Hu," in the exchange.
Now try answering, "My surname is not Hu," ahead of Mr. King.
In the following exchanges Miss Hu is questioning Mr. King. The only other person present is Mrs. Ma.
Take the part of Mr. King and answer ahead of him, answering in the negative whenever it is appropriate.
Now listen to this live conversation.
Notice that Mr. King does not put a subject in his answers. It's obvious from the context that the subject is "I". Now you try it.
Answer Miss Hu's questions saying that your surname isn't Ma, it's Wang.
Now let's turn to another topic. How to ask for someone surname in a polite way. You've already learned how to ask someone's surname one way.
- What's your surname?
- My surname's Wang.
Now listen to a more polite way to ask someone's surname.
You'll notice that the answer to the polite question is the same as the answer to the plain question: 你姓什么? Essentially there's no difference in meaning, only a difference in formality.
Take the part of Daniel King and answer the polite question about your surname.
In the question: "您贵姓?" politeness is expressed in two ways. Instead of saying: "你" a more polite form of the word "you" is used.
Repeat the polite form of "you" after the speaker.
The second way politeness is expressed in the question: "您贵姓?" is by using the respectful word for surname, "贵姓", literally precious surname. Both syllables have the falling tone.
Now repeat after the speaker: "Your surname?"
What's the polite form of "you"?
What's the plain form for "you"?
The polite form for surname?
Now let's switch from the polite to the more personal, and learn how to ask for someone's given name.
Repeat "to be given named" after the speaker.
Repeat the question: What's your given name?
How would you ask: What's his given name?
Now you take the part of Daniel King and answer the following question.
Now someone is asking you about a person on the other side of the room who you know is Ma Mingli.
Try answering his questions.
That's the end of this lesson. Remember, head over to Lenguin.com to do the exercises. That's Lenguin as in Lenguin the Penguin. Thanks for watching! I want to thank all of our supporters for helping make these courses possible. We want to keep these courses free, and with your donations we can do that. So be sure to visit our Patreon page, where in exchange for as little as a dollar, we're giving out rewards. Until next time, stay cool.