Transcript

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Hi, I'm Fame Ketover of Lenguin.com, and this is Mandarin Chinese. This is the second part of asking and answering yes/no questions. In the last lesson, you learned about yes/no questions with "ma".
Here's a live example.
  • 她是王太太吗?
  • 她是王太太.

Here it is with the English following. Try translating it.
  • 她是王太太吗?
  • Is she Mrs. Wang?
  • 她是王太太.
  • She is Mrs. Wang.
Notice that the question here is exactly same as the answer except for the yes/no question marker "ma" at the end.
Try repeating the question.
  • Is she Mrs. Wang?
  • 她是王太太吗?
  • 她是王太太吗?
Here's another example of a yes/no question.
  • 你姓胡吗?
  • 我姓胡.
What would this mean?
  • 你姓胡.
  • 你姓胡.

It would mean, "Your surname is Hu." Now let's add:

What does this mean?
  • 你姓胡吗?
  • 你姓胡吗?

It means "Is your surname Hu?" Adding:

turns a statement into a yes/no question.
Try repeating, is your surname Hu?
  • 你姓胡吗?
  • 你姓胡吗?
You know how to give the affirmative answers to yes/no questions. You answer them the same way you would answer "who" and "what" questions. Now let's look at negative answers.
You'll remember that the negative of the verb:

is:
  • 不是

Listen for:
  • 不是

in this exchange live.
  • 你是马明理吗?
  • 我不是马明理.

Here it is with the English.
  • 你是马明理吗?
  • Are you Ma Mingli?
  • 我不是马明理.
  • I am not Ma Mingli.
Try repeating: 不是 the negative of: 是. Notice the rising tone on: 是.
  • 不是
  • 不是
  • 不是
Try repeating the answer "I am not Mingli" in the exchange.
  • 你是马明理吗?
  • 我不是马明理.
Now try answering "I am not Ma Mingli" ahead of Mr. King and repeat after him.
  • 你是马明理吗?
  • 我不是马明理.
You'll remember that the negative of: ("to be surnamed") works the same way.
Listen to this live exchange.
  • 你姓胡吗?
  • 我不姓胡.
Try repeating:
  • 不姓,

the negative of:
  • 姓.

Again notice the rising tone on:
  • 不.
  • 不姓
  • 不姓
  • 不姓
Try repeating the answer, "My surname is not Hu," in the exchange.
  • 你姓胡吗?
  • 我不姓胡.
Now try answering, "My surname is not Hu," ahead of Mr. King.
  • 你姓胡吗?
  • 我不姓胡.
In the following exchanges Miss Hu is questioning Mr. King. The only other person present is Mrs. Ma.
Take the part of Mr. King and answer ahead of him, answering in the negative whenever it is appropriate.
  • 你是王大年吗?
  • 我是王大年.
  • 你姓王吗?
  • 我姓王.
  • 他是马先生吗?
  • 他不是马先生.
  • 你姓胡吗?
  • 我不姓胡.
  • 她是马明理太太吗?
  • 她是马明理太太.
  • 她是马小姐吗?
  • 她不是马小姐.
  • 你是王先生吗?
  • 我是王大年.
  • 你姓马吗?
  • 我不姓马.
  • Now listen to this live conversation.
    • 你姓马吗?
    • 不姓马.
    • 姓王.
    Notice that Mr. King does not put a subject in his answers. It's obvious from the context that the subject is "I". Now you try it.
    Answer Miss Hu's questions saying that your surname isn't Ma, it's Wang.
    • 你姓马吗?
    • 不姓马.姓王.
    Now let's turn to another topic. How to ask for someone surname in a polite way. You've already learned how to ask someone's surname one way.
    Translate it.
    • 你姓什么?
    • What's your surname?
    • 我姓王.
    • My surname's Wang.
    Now listen to a more polite way to ask someone's surname.
    • 您贵姓?
    • 我姓王.
    You'll notice that the answer to the polite question is the same as the answer to the plain question: 你姓什么? Essentially there's no difference in meaning, only a difference in formality.
    Take the part of Daniel King and answer the polite question about your surname.
    • 您贵姓?
    • 我姓王.
    In the question: "您贵姓?" politeness is expressed in two ways. Instead of saying: "你" a more polite form of the word "you" is used.
    Repeat the polite form of "you" after the speaker.
    The second way politeness is expressed in the question: "您贵姓?" is by using the respectful word for surname, "贵姓", literally precious surname. Both syllables have the falling tone.
    Try repeating it.
    • 贵姓
    • 贵姓
    • 贵姓
    Now repeat after the speaker: "Your surname?"
    • 您贵姓?
    • 您贵姓?
    What's the polite form of "you"?
    What's the plain form for "you"?
    The polite form for surname?
    • 贵姓
    Now let's switch from the polite to the more personal, and learn how to ask for someone's given name.
    Listen to this exchange.
    • 你叫什么?
    • 我叫大年.
    Repeat "to be given named" after the speaker.
    Repeat the question: What's your given name?
    • 你叫什么?
    • 你叫什么?
    How would you ask: What's his given name?
    • 他叫什么?
    Now you take the part of Daniel King and answer the following question.
    • 你叫什么?
    • 我叫大年.
    Now someone is asking you about a person on the other side of the room who you know is Ma Mingli.
    Try answering his questions.
    • 他姓什么?
    • 他姓马.
  • 他叫什么?
  • 他叫明理.
  • That's the end of this lesson. Remember, head over to Lenguin.com to do the exercises. That's Lenguin as in Lenguin the Penguin. Thanks for watching! I want to thank all of our supporters for helping make these courses possible. We want to keep these courses free, and with your donations we can do that. So be sure to visit our Patreon page, where in exchange for as little as a dollar, we're giving out rewards. Until next time, stay cool.
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